Suratul Hamd marks the beginning of the Quran e Majeed; it is the first surat with which we begin our recitation of the Quran. Upon completion, we again recite Suratul Hamd. We both begin and end our tilawat with the hamd of Allah.
During the 52ndDai’s journey to Yemen in 1381H, the fifth place he visited was Ghail Bani Hamid. Ghail Bani Hamid.is the location of the 2ndDai, Syedna Ibrahim’s RA qabarmubarak. Hamd or praise – theadad of which is 52 – and gratitude for the blessings and bounties Allah bestows upon us has many benefits. It makes us resilient in the face of misfortune and strife; life’s seemingly unsurmountable difficulties become easy to withstand, because we constantly remember Allah. It is a cure for depression; it dissipates sorrow and strife. Allah, in turn, rewards us for praising him in times of prosperity: “Sam’e Allah le man hamedarabbanalak al-hamd” – Allah responds to the dua of those who praise him.
A man was brought to Maulana Ali AS, falsely accused. As punishment, Maulana Ali AS ordered that the man’s hand be severed. The man accepted his sentence – he did not refute the false accusation. Later, Abdullah bin Abbas came across the man and inquired about his hand. Instead of being spiteful or upset at his punishment, the man exclaimed, “Praise be upon Maulana Ali AS, for he has cleansed me of my sins – for this I am thankful!” Abdullah bin Abbas conveyed this to Maulana Ali AS; in return for his praise and gratitude, Maulana Ali AS restored the man’s severed hand.
Imam Mohammed al Baqir AS, Maulana Ali’s AS grandson, also demonstrates the virtues of praise and thankfulness. The Imam AS was with his Ashaab when a high-pitched scream was heard. Someone approached the Imam AS, and spoke with him in hushed tones. Imam Mohammed al Baqir AS responded, “Hamd is for Allah for it is he who gives and takes.” The Imam gave instructions and continued as before. In a little while, one of the men returned and informed the Imam that the kafan was ready. Alarmed, his Ashaab inquired what had happened. “My young child fell from the maid’s hands and died as a result.” Despite losing his own son, Imam Mohammed al Baqir AS praised Allah and expressed thanks for all that he has bestowedupon him.
No one has,or will ever endure adversity such as that of Imam Husain AS, his Ahl Bayt AS and his Ashaab on the scorching sands of Karbala. On Ashura, even as his sons and nephews and followers were slaughtered before his eyes, Imam Husain AS continued to evoke the shaanof hamd.Finally, Imam Husain AS carried out his last sajdo, the sajda that is the epitome of hamd, and the salvation for generations of mumineen to come.